Kasilof (/kəˈsiːlɒf/ kə-SEE-lof) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 549, up from 471 in 2000.
Kasilof is located at 60°20′7″N 151°14′1″W / 60.33528°N 151.23361°W / 60.33528; -151.23361 (60.335274, -151.233594). It is on the east side of the Cook Inlet on the Kenai Peninsula, on the Sterling Highway, 19 km (12 mi) south Kenai and 62 miles (100 km) north of Homer. It is bordered to the southwest by the Kasilof River, across which is the community of Cohoe. To the north, across Coal Creek, is the community of Kalifornsky.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Kasilof CDP has a total area of 10.6 square miles (27.5 km), of which 10.4 square miles (27.0 km) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km), or 1.89%, are water.
Kasilof first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village named “Kassilof.” It appeared again in 1890, and in 1900 its name was shortened to the current spelling, Kasilof. It did not appear again on the census until 1930. In 1980, it was made a census-designated place (CDP).
As of the census of 2000, there were 471 people, 180 households, and 124 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 45.4 people per square mile (17.6/km²). There were 208 housing units at an average density of 20.1/sq mi (7.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.36% White, 3.18% Native American, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.21% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 3.40% from two or more races. 0.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 180 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 31.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.1 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,929, and the median income for a family was $58,036. Males had a median income of $45,469 versus $12,143 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,211. About 21.4% of families and 26.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.