Nikolski (Russian: Никольский, Chalukax̂ in Aleut) is a census-designated place (CDP) on Umnak Island in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 18 at the 2010 census, down from 39 in 2000.
Nikolski is located at 52°56′29″N 168°51′39″W / 52.941485°N 168.860765°W / 52.941485; -168.860765.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 132.8 square miles (344 km), of which, 132.1 square miles (342 km) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km) of it (0.55%) is water.
On a clear day the view from Nikolski is dominated by Mount Vsevidof to the northeast, the highest point on Umnak Island.
The boundary between the Alaska Time Zone (UTC-9) and Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone (UTC-10) passes just west of Nikolski, along the line of 169°30’W through Samalga Pass. This places Nikolski in the Alaska Time Zone.
However, as Nikolski is part of the Aleutian Region School District the settlement effectively observes Hawaii-Aleutian time.
Nikolski first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Aleut village of “Nikolsky.” It had 127 residents, of which 117 were Aleut, 8 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native) and 2 were White. In 1890, it returned as “Umnak”, with 94 residents, of which 80 were native and 14 were Creole. It did not appear again until 1920, when it again reported as “Umnak.” Beginning with the 1930 census and to date, it has reported as Nikolski. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.
As of the census of 2000, there were 39 people, 15 households, and 12 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.3 people per square mile (0.1/km²). There were 28 housing units at an average density of 0.2/sq mi (0.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 30.77% White and 69.23% Native American.
Of the 15 households 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 35.9% under the age of 18, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $40,250. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $11,875 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,083. There were 23.5% of families and 20.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including 13.6% of under eighteens and 55.6% of those over 64.
Nikolski Alaska neighborhoods include: Anchorage, Anchor Point, Chiniak, Chugiak, Clam Gulch, Cooper Landing, Delta Junction, Douglas, Eagle River, Eielson Afb, Elmendorf Afb, Fairbanks, Fort Richardson, Girdwood, Haines, Homer, Indian, Juneau, Kasilof, Kenai, Ketchikan, Kodiak, Metlakatla, Moose Pass, Nikolaevsk, Ninilchik, North Pole, Salcha, Seward, Sitka, Soldotna, Sterling, Tyonek, Wasilla