North Pole is a small city in the Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, United States. It is part of the Fairbanks metropolitan statistical area. As of the 2016 United States Census, the city had a population of 2,232, up from 1,570 in 2000. Despite its name, the city is about 1,700 miles (2,700 km) south of Earth’s geographic North Pole and 125 miles (200 km) south of the Arctic Circle.
North Pole is located at 64°45′04″N 147°21′07″W / 64.75111°N 147.35194°W / 64.75111; -147.35194 (64.751048, -147.351969). It is situated 13 miles (21 km) to the southeast of Fairbanks on the Richardson Highway. The city is about 1,700 mi (2,700 km) south of Earth’s geographic North Pole.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km), of which, 4.2 square miles (11 km) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) of it (0.47%) is water. The city is located to the north and east of the Tanana River, though access to the river is not easily made due to the extensive system of levees. Beaver Springs Slough meanders through the heart of the city, emptying into Chena Slough.
North Pole first appeared on the 1960 U.S. Census as a city, 7 years after it formally incorporated in 1953. The census of 1960 reported a figure of 615. However, the 1970 census reported the 1960 figure as 358.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,570 people, 605 households, and 381 families residing in the city. The population density was 373.6 people per square mile (144.3/km²). There were 653 housing units at an average density of 155.4 per square mile (60.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.96% White, 5.67% Black or African American, 3.57% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 5.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.76% of the population.
There were 605 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,583, and the median income for a family was $54,583. Males had a median income of $32,917 versus $27,240 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,426. About 6.2% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 22.6% of those age 65 or over.
North Pole Alaska neighborhoods include: 12 Mile Richardson, Badger/Peridot, Badger Road, Chena Lakes, Fairfields, Garden, Gordon Road, Howell Estates, Lakloey Hill & Airstrip, Laurance Rd, Lineman, Nordale/Freeman, North Pole, Orion/Old Badger, Persinger Drive, Richardson Hwy/Holmes, Sheltie Acres, Tomdur, White Spruce