Russian Mission (Iqugmiut in Central Yup’ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of a fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. After the sale of Russian-American possessions to the United States in 1867, it was officially named Russian Mission in the early 1900s. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2010 census the population was 312, up from 296 in 2000.
Russian Mission is located at 61°47′8″N 161°20′3″W / 61.78556°N 161.33417°W / 61.78556; -161.33417 (61.785522, -161.334074).
Russian Mission is located on the right (western) bank of the Yukon River in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, 25 miles southeast of Marshall. It lies 70 air miles northeast of Bethel and 376 miles west of Anchorage.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16 km), of which, 5.7 square miles (15 km) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km) of it (8.27%) is water.
Russian Mission first reported on the 1880 U.S. Census as Ikogmute Mission, an unincorporated Inuit village & Russian Orthodox Mission. It appeared on the 1890 census as “Ikogmiut”, but included the nearby village of “Pokrovskaia” (called Pogoreshapka on the 1880 U.S. Census). In 1900, it was returned again as Ikogmute Mission. In 1920, it would be officially returned as Russian Mission. It would formally incorporate in 1970.
As of the census of 2000, there were 296 people, 70 households, and 60 families residing in the city. The population density was 52.3 people per square mile (20.2/km²). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 6.08% White, and 93.92% Native American.
There were 70 households out of which 67.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 24.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.9% were non-families . 10.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.51.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 48.0% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 11.5% from 45 to 64, and 4.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 19 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $22,500. Males had a median income of $17,083 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,358. About 15.6% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.4% of those sixty five or over.
Most residents are Russian Orthodox, with a Roman Catholic minority.
Russian Mission Alaska neighborhoods include: Anchorage, Anchor Point, Chiniak, Chugiak, Clam Gulch, Cooper Landing, Delta Junction, Douglas, Eagle River, Eielson Afb, Elmendorf Afb, Fairbanks, Fort Richardson, Girdwood, Haines, Homer, Indian, Juneau, Kasilof, Kenai, Ketchikan, Kodiak, Metlakatla, Moose Pass, Nikolaevsk, Ninilchik, North Pole, Salcha, Seward, Sitka, Soldotna, Sterling, Tyonek, Wasilla