St. Paul (Aleut: Tanax̂ Amix̂ or Sanpuulax̂, Russian: Сент-Пол) is a city in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. It is the main settlement of Saint Paul Island in the Pribilofs, a small island group in the Bering Sea. Saint Paul Island is well known as a birdwatching haven. The population was 479 at the 2010 census, down from 532 in 2000.
St. Paul is located at 57°7′30″N 170°17′3″W / 57.12500°N 170.28417°W / 57.12500; -170.28417 (57.133806, -170.266614).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 295.5 square miles (765 km), of which, 40.3 square miles (104 km) of it is land and 255.2 square miles (661 km) of it (86.36%) is water.
Saint Paul first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an unincorporated Aleut village. Of its 298 residents, 284 were Aleut and 14 were White. In 1890, it reported with 244 residents. A plurality of 111 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native), 108 were Native, 22 were White and 3 were Asian. It did not report in 1900, but from 1910-40, it reported as “Saint Paul Island.” From 1950-onwards, it has reported as Saint Paul. It formally incorporated in 1971.
As of the census of 2000, there were 532 people, 177 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 13.2 people per square mile (5.1/km). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 5.3 per square mile (2.0/km). The racial makeup of the city was 85.90% Native American, 12.97% White, 0.56% Pacific Islander, and 0.56% from two or more races.
There were 177 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.44.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,750, and the median income for a family was $51,750. Males had a median income of $32,583 versus $29,792 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,408. About 6.4% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.