Toksook Bay (TOOK- sook or TUCK-sook) (Nunakauyaq, Tuksuk in Central Alaskan Yup’ik) is a city and village on Nelson Island in Bethel Census Area, Alaska. The population was 590 at the 2010 census, up from 532 in 2000. As of 2016, the estimated population was 657, making it the largest village on the island.
Toksook Bay first appeared on the 1970 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village. It formally incorporated in 1972.
As of the census of 2000, there were 532 people, 106 households, and 94 families residing in the city. The population density was 16.1 people per square mile (6.2/km²). There were 110 housing units at an average density of 3.3 per square mile (1.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 2.44% White, 94.36% Native American, and 3.20% from two or more races.
There were 106 households out of which 68.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.1% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 11.3% were non-families. 10.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 5.02 and the average family size was 5.45.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 44.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 14.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 118.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,208, and the median income for a family was $32,188. Males had a median income of $22,813 versus $36,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,761. About 26.9% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 28.6% of those age 65 or over.